Stock type: 1 gallon pot
Age: 2 year
Size: 1 ft
* Two Compatible Varieties Required for Pollination *
Borealis are plump, boxy and have achieved the largest sample size at the University of Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan selected ‘BOREALIS’ as the most appropriate for U-Pick Orchards and Home Gardens. ‘AURORA’ and ‘HONEYBEE’ are the available pollenizers.
Basic Haskap Information
- Usually will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn’t necessarily require facer plants in front.
- Fruit is usually ready for picking from late spring to early summer.
- It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years.
- Features subtle creamy white flowers along the branches in early spring. It has green foliage throughout the season. The narrow leaves do not develop any appreciable fall colour. It features an abundance of magnificent blue berries in late spring.
- They are a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting butterflies to your yard.
- While it is considered to be somewhat self-pollinating, it tends to set heavier quantities of fruit with a different variety of the same species growing nearby.
- It does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH.
- Plant 1 meter (3 ft) apart and should be planted slightly deeper than the original nursery container.
- Water frequently until it is established, the first year or so and then keep the soil around the plant moist for the rest of the plant’s life.
- Mulch around plants to keep soil evenly moist.
- Doesn’t usually need to be fertilized, sometimes a bit of iron can be needed.
- These plants don’t typically require any pruning but they can be pruned to suit your yard.
- Most pruning is done for commercial production to ensure the mechanical harvester is able to easily harvest the fruit.
- Once the plant gets old and unproductive the bush can be chopped down about half a foot above the surface and allowed to re-grow. This will rejuvenate the plant.
- Bird protection is required to make sure that you get some fruit off of your plants. Since this fruit is the first thing to ripen in the summer, the birds know it and wait for it. They can easily strip a bush bare in one day! Typically some sort of netting over your bushes works well. Ensure the holes in the netting are no larger than 1/2 inch to prevent birds and cats from becoming entangled in the netting.
- Hand picking the berries works the best. It is best to pick the berries in the cool part of the day and then refrigerate them immediately. You can also shake the berries off of the bushes into a pail or tarp or even a children’s paddling pool.
- Haskap has very few pests which make it a very easy plant to grow.
- Birds love the taste of Haskap so some sort of bird protection is usually required
- Deer and mice can be a pest in some settings although it is rare for them to attack Haskap.
- Powdery Mildew can affect Haskap in wet humid years. This cause the leaves to be covered with a white film at first, and as the infection progresses causes the leaves to brown and fall off. Treatments like sulfur powders and garlic sprays can be sprayed preventatively but will not help once the infection has happened. All of the U of S varieties, except Indigo Gem, are highly resistant to powdery mildew while Cinderella, Berry Blue and Blue Bell are susceptible.